There are many questions people may have when they want to make the switch from smoking cigarettes to vaping e-liquid.
Here we should cover the main questions for somebody who is looking to make a transition to vaping. From there you should be able to make decisions confidently on particular product(s) currently suitable for you and also an understanding of how it all works.
Vaping is another term simply put as the act of inhaling and exhaling e-liquid using an e-cigarette or similar device. The term has been derived from the e-liquid being vaporized inside the heating component found inside the atomizer whereas a cigarette is smoked through combustion.
While it is true e-cigarettes are not declared as 100% safe, there’s no doubt it is cleaner than tradition smoking, with over 7000 chemicals being released from first hand and second hand smoke, some being toxic.
Public Health England released a study recently stating that vaping is at least 95% less harmful than smoking. On the other hand, there are still numerous studies and research being made on vaping in general so we cannot say it is final.
The key difference in smoking is the presence of tar and carbon monoxide as a result of combustion whereas vapour is when a substance becomes gaseous at a temperature lower than its combustion point.
Vaporizing e-liquid does not create any new compounds as it maintains the same substance whereas smoking creates over 5000 new compounds when combusted.
Cancer Research UK affirms the fact that you will end up making significant savings if you ditch tobacco cigarettes and go for vaping instead.
On average a smoker will spend about £150 a month purchasing cigarettes. E-cig users spend around £60 monthly, going to show that you will end up saving more than half the money by making the switch. If you are saving about £80 every month, you can have a pretty sum at the end of the month allowing you to finally make the purchase you have always wanted or even take that long-awaited trip.
Vaping should not be seen at as a smoking cessation tool but merely an alternative and less harmful tool to deliver and manage nicotine cravings through e-liquid.
There have been thousands of people in England who have already stopped smoking with the help of an e-cigarette and their local Stop Smoking Service. As a result, over 65% of those who did so managed to quit smoking.
Vaping is completely different to smoking but it can be made to imitate the same way a cigarette is used. Cig-a-likes for example, look exactly like a cigarette and have a small red LED which lights up when drawing on the device.
There are some other variables in e-liquids and devices themselves which help to make it this way such as using a resistance coil above 1 Ohm and using a higher PG ratio in nicotine salt form. Currently, there are many types of devices that produce different results, so it’s down to preference and finding out which suits you best.
Public Health England’s 2018 evidence review found that there is has been no identified health risks through passive vaping.
That doesn’t mean people with respiratory conditions won’t be affected as they can be sensitive to a whole range of other environment irritants also so this needs to be taken into account.
Currently, there has been no long term evidence to support that vaping is completely safe to vape under repeated exposure even though many companies state it is. Under the contrary, this hasn’t stopped a hospital at Chesterfield Royal allowed people to use e-cigarettes on site.
Please consult your doctor whether it is safe to vape whilst pregnant or under medication. Since vaping is not declared 100% safe, we do not advise doing so for that reason.
As somebody who is new to vaping, it is advised to start with the usual recommended devices for beginners then gradually moving onto other advanced kits as they see fit. Our advice is to avoid moving straight into sub-ohm devices if you have no experience with starter kits. For more information, check out our Beginners Guide to Vaping.
An electronic cigarette or e-cig is a handheld device to create a simulation of a cigarette experience. Previously suited to describe cig-a-likes, the whole definition has taken upon all types of vape devices as a broad description.
Vaping equipment continues to evolve at a speedy rate, since the invention of the electronic cigarette in 2003. Today, you have the option of choosing from a wide-range which can include:
• Cig-a-likes – Cig-a-like devices most beginners start their vaping journey with. They look like traditional cigarettes, but are of a smaller size. They are simple to use and easy to understand with no adjustments or tackles to make. They are available in both rechargeable and disposable forms.
• Vape Pods – The market also refers to these as ultra-portables. They can come with cartridges which have inbuilt e-liquid, wick, and coil in place allowing to plug and go. More recently, you can now also refill the pods they come with. These are leak proof and highly convenient.
• Vape Pens – These are an upgrade from the e-cigs. They are a little bit larger and live up to their pen-style name with short lengths and slim bodies. Most are rechargeable and come with long battery life.
• Vape Mods – These devices generally have a rectangular shape and are bulkier than the above options because they carry more complex features. They are powered by integrated or replaced batteries. Technology advancements have also made it possible for the mods to feature variable wattage and variable voltage operating modes. A majority also include microprocessors to maximize safety and functionality. The term mod comes from modification implying that the mods offer vapers the ability to customize their vaping experiences.
You can use the devices above, if you are just starting out or you are an intermediate vaper. Advanced vapers, on the other hand, can make use of equipment like:
• Rebuildable Dripping Atomizers or RDA's – These do not have tanks that hold the vape juice. Instead, they feature a small well at the bottom, and they work by dripping the e-liquid into the coil before firing up the device. These are known for the increasing amounts of flavour and vapor production.
• RDA's (Rebuildable Tank Atomizers) – These are tanks that are made to hold the vape juice. Instead of having to use factory made coils, users are at liberty to build the coils they prefer, factoring in the resistance they like before proceeding to wick with cotton.
• RDTA's (Rebuildable Dripping Tank Atomizers) – These are tanks that are made to hold the vape juice which also have the option to drip e-liquid onto the coils directly. The wicks are longer so the e-liquid can travel through the wicks without it drying up. This is more common among RDA's.
• Mech Mods – They use a firing pin which means the circuitry is not necessary. This method permits the battery’s current to directly reach the atomizer. These devices usually come unregulated but recently there have been some mech mods with some regulated internals.
Even though there is a large selection of equipment you can use for vaping, there are a few components they have in common such as:
• Batteries – Perhaps the most vital part of the devices, this is what supplies power. Some have replaceable batteries, while you charge the others.
• Coils – These are tiny pieces of resistance wire that are shaped into a coil resembling springs. They are mainly made from Nikel, NiChrome, and Kanthal. They are put in place to determine the amount of electricity that will power the device and how much heat it will produce.
• Atomizers – This is a part that is heat resistant and where the coils and wicks are found. Stretched to later describe an entire tank, they have a reservoir that is used to hold the e-liquid. All rebuildables, cartridges, catomizers, tanks are all considered to be atomizers.
• Wicks – Made from different materials such as twisted silica cord, cotton, ceramic, eko-wool, and stainless steel mesh, these transport the vape juice from the tank to the coil so that it can be vaporized.
• Mouthpiece – This is what you use to transfer the vapor to your mouth and lungs from the atomizer. In more advanced tanks, these are known as Drip Tips.
• Cartomizer – They are self-contained units that house both the heating element and the e-liquid. They are sort of a contraction of an atomizer and a cartridge.
• Cartridge – Commonly found in the older three-piece e-cigs, this holds the e-liquid in a small or medium sized tank, which contacts an atomizer’s bridge in order to conduct fluid to reach the heating coil.
• Clearomizer – This word describes a transparent or clear cartomizer which is made up of coil, tube, and drip tip.
In general, there are two types of vaping styles available today i.e. MTL and DTL.
MTL or Mouth-to-Lung vaping is when after sucking the vapor into your mouth you let it stay for some time before allowing it to go down to the lungs. This mimics what cigarette smokers do. Less airflow on the atomizer helps you to achieve this vaping style. If you prefer this method, it is best to invest in the newer vapers in the market that make it possible for you to experience minimum cloud creation and maximum flavour. Examples of devices you can use for this include vape pens and cig-a-likes.
DTL, on the other hand, stands for Direct-to-Lung. As the title suggests, it implies that you will be inhaling the vapor to the lungs directly. You achieve this by using atomizers with wider drip tips facilitating more airflow. It is similar to when an individual takes a normal breath. It is a method that is more suitable for individuals who have experience in vaping because the throat hit can be quite intense. “Cloud chasers” have the most fun with this style. Experts recommend the use of VG liquids with low nicotine levels and sub-ohm setups when seeking this experience.
Variable voltage allows the device to have control over the voltage settings provided by the coil. Depending on the coil, the voltage needs to be adjusted. This gives the user to ability to change the way the e-liquid is heated and delivered.
Much like variable voltage, it allows you the have control over how much power is being provided to your atomizer head. The voltage of your device is automatically adjusted depending on the wattage you set. This is a common feature preferred by many as it is easy to use.
This feature gives you the ability to set a target temperature on your TC e-cig in either Celsius or Fahrenheit by using specific coils. The coil inside your device is heated up rapidly to the selected temperature, while the device continuously monitors the resistance in the coil caused by the temperature change, to apply the varied power to keep the temperature constant.
Without this feature means the coil can surpass the preferred heat limit and will reach higher temperatures than necessary.
This feature allows the device to still be in use whilst charging at the same time.
Sub-ohm vaping is when you vape using a coil resistance under 1 Ohm which allows the coil to heat up at a slower rate to increase vapour production and flavour.
A mech mod is an e-cig in its most basic form. It consists of a battery tube for the batteries and a circuit which provides power to your coil. Although it is easy to set up, it can be tricky in some areas and is not recommended for beginners as it can be potentially dangerous.
*Advanced users should already know about battery and coil safety and Ohms Law before considering mech mods.*
Depending on what vaping style you choose, will determine what type of tank you should get.
MTL tanks restrict the airflow so the vapour gathers in the mouth just how a cigarette is smoked.
DTL tanks are recommended for sub-ohm coils and allow the vapour to be inhaled directly to the lungs with minimal air restriction but it can the airflow can also be adjusted.
Some users like to change their preferences from the look of their tank, the size of the mouth tip, or even the vaping style such as Mouth-to-Lung or Direct-to-Lung tanks.
Not all tanks are compatible with all devices because the wattage output on all devices is different. For example, you cannot put a tank with a sub-ohm coil into a standard device.
It all depends on the device itself and the coils used.
There is nothing wrong with putting any E-liquid in your tank.
For instance, it is not advised to use a 50VG/50PG ratio e-liquid in a DTL tank / sub-ohm kit because that ratio would be too thin and could cause a leak in your tank.
Using a 70VG/30PG ratio e-liquid in a MTL device will not wick properly and would cause the coils to burn out prematurely.
This comes down to your own personal preference.
Some kits even come 2 different coils with different resistances. For example, the INNOKIN Cool Fire Mini Zenith Kit comes with a 0.5 Ohm and 1.6 Ohm coil.
The 0.5 Ohm coil is designed for higher wattages and a warmer vaping experience whereas the 1.6ohm is great for lower wattages and nicotine salts.
The coil is the heating element which sits inside the device which turns the e-liquid into vapour.
There are many different vaping styles as well as preferences people like try until they find something that suits them.
You should prime your coil to avoid ‘dry-hits’ and premature burnouts. Allow 5 minutes for your e-liquid to saturate the cotton inside the coil.
The lifespan of a coil varies depending on frequency of use. There are other factors that can also reduce the lifespan such as using an e-liquid which is too thick or too sweet for the coil.
Usually coils have a rough lifespan of around 2-4 weeks. However, a clear indicator of when you should replace a worn out coil is getting a burnt taste when vaping as the coil can wear out quicker than that time due to constant use.
Sub-ohm coils are coils with resistances below 1 Ohm.
Integrated batteries are built-in batteries in devices which are charged through USB cables and have are non-replaceable batteries. Once the integrated batteries wear out, the device should be replaced.
You can use high amperage drainage batteries for example, the Samsung 25R 18650 or the Sony VTC5A 18650 Batteries. It is not advised to used batteries with low amperage drain batteries as it could potentially explode.
A replaceable battery is non-integrated and can be removed and replaced when it has either worn out or damaged.
Batteries tend to last roughly 6 months but depending on use it may vary.
Other than the reasons of wearing out and physical damage, batteries can lose capacity over time which results in less running time.
E-liquid refers to the fluid that is used to create vapor in vaporizers. The vaporizers or e-cigs heat up the juice converting it into the vapor you inhale. You can also call this e-juice or vape juice.
The liquid is primarily made up of vegetable glycerin (VG), propylene glycol (PG), water, and varying nicotine levels, which can range from 0mg all the way to 20mg or more. It is also available in thousands of flavours for you to choose the right fix.
VG - Vegetable Glycerin, or glycerol, is an odourless, thick, clear liquid which is produced typically from palm oil, plant oils, coconut oil or soy. It is used in e-liquids to give the vapour a ‘thick’ sensation and has a slightly sweet taste.
PG – Propylene Glycol is an odourless, thin, clear and colourless, synthetic liquid with is completely soluble in water. It is used as a base for e-liquids for its emulsifying properties to keep other ingredients in suspension which would not mix well together.
Studies have shown that VG/PG is safe to ingest orally and is generally recognized as safe to be used as a food additive according to the FDA. However, most studies look at the safety of this ingredient with ingestion rather than consuming it as an aerosol form.
There has been some studies, on the other hand, where tests with rats on a 90 day inhalation study revealed very limited biological effects with no signs of toxicity.
The different ratios of VG/PG give the user the choice of preference of ‘throat hit’ and clouds of vapour.
Some ratios like 50VG/50PG are ideal for people who are new to vaping and like a balanced mix between the two. If a 70VG/30PG ratio is chosen then more vapour clouds would be produced than the throat hit. Vice versa, you would get more ‘throat hit’ and less clouds with a 70PG/30VG ratio.
Some people however, are sensitive to PG so they can’t use any in their mix so they opt for 100VG/0PG. It’s all subject to the individually so don’t hesitate to try a few different ratios to figure out what works for you.
As mentioned earlier, you can vape with no nicotine. There are several categories of people who prefer to do this such as:
• Former smokers who managed to fully transition to vape and want nothing to do with nicotine.
• Individuals who like the fact that it is socially acceptable.
• Non-smokers who love the flavours that e-liquids come in. These are especially people who have never smoked or used other nicotine products.
• Individuals celebrating parties like weddings, and birthdays etc. and want nicotine-free events.
The amount of nicotine you opt to use depends on what you prefer. This is why there are different nicotine levels available, so that you pick the one that is just right for you.
However, when you are transitioning to e-cigs, health professionals recommend that you start off with nicotine levels that are equal to the product you were using before.
For instance, if you were in a habit of smoking 10 lights cigarettes daily, you can go for 12 mg nicotine strength. This is because a light cig usually has around 0.7 mg of nicotine. Once you get into the vaping process, you can start to reduce the levels of nicotine slowly and finally get to the zero nicotine content if this is your goal.
There are a few reasons why the atomizer may not be detected but depending on the issue, it can be fixed without the need to replace the tank.
- Take apart all the components of the tank, remove the coil and clean up any e-liquid residue around the seating area. There should not be any e-liquid on the metal contacts.
- Make sure the tank or atomizer is not damaged to the point where it cannot screw into the device and sit correctly.
A common reason for not getting any flavour isn’t because the coil is at fault but rather ‘vaper’s tongue’. Almost everyone will experience this as a result of vaping the same e-liquid regularly.
Try a brand new coil and e-liquid to see if that makes a difference.
Give it a few days to see if your taste buds still experience the same issue.
Make sure to keep well hydrated with water as e-cigarettes can make you dehydrated, although it can still happen even if you are hydrated.
Tips: try cleansing your palette, brushing your tongue/teeth, drinking or smelling ground coffee or even tasting something acidic.
We’ve all experienced this where you the coil pops and spits e-liquid when inhaling. Fortunately, there are a few things you can do to avoid or fix this.
- Sharply flick the tank downwards, preferably over a sink as any excess e-liquid may come out of the mouthpiece. It is a good idea to do this every time you fill up your tank or use a new coil.
- Remove any excess e-liquid that may have gathered inside the centre post of the tank. Simply take some tissue paper or kitchen roll and roll it small enough to poke down the centre post to absorb any excess from.
- Fire up your battery/device 1 second before inhaling. Any vapour that isn’t inhaled will condense back into e-liquid and will gather into the centre post of where the vapour travels.
- Reduce the airflow or take smaller inhales as taking long or deep inhales can pull more e-liquid into the coil than it allows. This can also happen if you have the airflow wide open. Switch to a DTL (direct-to-lung) coil if you prefer to take bigger inhales. You can close the airflow to reduce spitting or gurgling but you should not take larger inhales just to compensate.
- Turn up the power output as e-liquid may not vaporise well enough if there is not enough power. You should gradually increase the power until you find an optimal setting.
- Do not over-prime your coil as too much may cause the issue of spitting and gurgling as coils only need a certain amount to vaporise e-liquid properly. Too little may cause premature burnout. Too much may cause spitting and gurgling.
- Using a high PG e-liquid may contribute to this as it is very thin rather than VG liquids that will not do this as it is thick.
This is also known as a ‘dry’ hit. The wick inside the coil has most likely dried up and burnt out when it fired up. When the wick is not fully saturated, it can leave a charred and foul taste in your mouth.
We recommend replacing the coil if this has happened for an optimal vaping experience.
You will only experience a ‘dry’ hit when the coil is not wet. To prevent this you should prime the coil and not over-vape, chain vape, power vape or vape with too much wattage. Should you get a ‘dry’ hit, turn down the power and always keep your tank topped up.
There is a lot to mention with e-liquid leaking from tanks as the reasons for it doing so may vary. Unless you can see exactly where it’s leaking from, it will be difficult to tell. Sticking to a few of these tips will help to prevent any leaks.
- Check the coils
- Keep a clean tank
- Fill the tank properly
- Hold the mod vertically
- Check if there are any cracks
- Make sure the seals are tight
- Use a higher VG ratio
There is a possibility the coil is loose with lets the e-liquid leak through and up the centre post of the tank.
If it is not loose, it could be the coil has worn out or faulty.
Other reasons would be from overfilling the tank, inhaling too quickly, a leak In the tank or even not holding it upright.
If the tank physical damaged, you will need to replace it.
If the glass is damaged, you can change it for a replacement glass.
If it is not working out of the box, it could be a manufacture fault.
Contact us directly if you are unable to figure out what the cause is.
If there is any physical damage, dents, rust or corrosion on your batteries you should dispose of them safely. Your battery may not be charging as it may be defective or worn out.
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